For commercial growers, hydroponic cultivation is a way to provide plants with a nutrient-rich base, but without using traditional soil. Hydroponics enables the roots of a plant to get plenty of oxygen while directly intaking the necessary nutrient solutions. Instead of soil, materials like peat moss, perlite, and clay pellets, among others, help support the root system.
The new frontier of organic agriculture will include probiotic farming practices. Probiotics are a catchall phrase that comprises beneficial bacteria Micah Ryan's a Trichoderma nematode, etc. Most probiotics are intended to symbiotically help plants in the growth and flowering phases. They help sustain the microbes and in return, some microbes provide needed nutrients and water to the plant.